The Top 5 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases for Kids – Protect them with proper vaccinations

The Top 5 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases for Kids by The Physics Coach

Prioritising your child’s health means you’ll also need to consider the risks and diseases which your precious one might be encountering. This is why being on the lookout for vaccines which apply to his or her age would be a must. It is always good to check if your little one is qualified or would even need to urgently be vaccinated.

Be in the know of which diseases can be prevented via vaccines. These days, it’s best to regularly visit a pediatric clinic and check if your child would need any of these:

  1. Polio (or Poliomyelitis)

Caused by poliovirus, polio can be deadly. This disease can be spread through close individual contact and can invade to a person’s brain and spinal cord, causing paralysis.

A child who survives it might experience deformities in the foot, ankles or any other affected parts of the lower extremities, which he or she will have upon growing up. The effect of Polio also includes infection in the brain.

Common symptoms that appear in patients with polio include:-

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Back, neck and leg pain

(These symptoms usually won’t last long, around 7 – 10 days)

To protect your precious one from the disease, he or she would get 4 doses of the vaccine at 2 months, 4 months, at 6 to 18 months, and at 4 to 6 years old.

  1. Influenza (Flu)

Did you know there are thousands of people die from flu each year?

Caused by a respiratory virus, this infection is spreadable and is highly contagious. It can also be spread by airborne transmission.

Some symptoms of flu in kids include the following:-

  • Stuffy and running nose
  • A fever up to 104°F
  • Chills and shakes
  • Look super tired than usual
  • Headache and body aches
  • Dry, hacking cough
  • Sore throat
  • Vomiting and stomach ache

It’s then best to not risk your child of getting infected by Influenza, especially your little one’s immune system is still fragile to fight off the condition. The best way to prevent the disease is to inject an annual vaccination for your kids.

  1. Hepatitis B

Every year, about a million people die of Hepatitis B each year. This type of disease’s virus dwells into the person’s liver.

If not immediately attended to, it can lead to liver cancer or persistent, liver cancer or death.

If the symptoms below are seen in your little ones, bring them to a paediatrician Singapore.

  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiredness
  • Muscle, joint, abdominal or stomach pain
  • Dark urine
  • Fever
  • Vomiting or diarrheoa
  • Yellowing of skin or eyes

By making sure your baby gets this vaccine in series at 6 to 18 months old, he or she will avoid up to 25% of risks leading to death due to liver failure.

  1. Measles

Typically occur in children, measles is an infectious viral disease that cause fever and red rash.

This disease can lead to swelling of the brain, pneumonia and even death.

Your baby’s growth is such a crucial time, as he or she still doesn’t have the immune system to battle out the disease. Measles are highly contagious and it usually triggers the lungs.

Signs and symptoms of measles include:-

  • Fever
  • Running nose
  • Dry cough
  • Sore throat
  • Red eyes
  • Muscle pain
  • White spots in the mouth

These days, parents can also choose to have a combination vaccine to protect their children from Measles, Mumps, and Rubella. It’s called the MMR vaccine. It’s given in 2 doses at 12 to 15 months of a child’s age.

  1. Pneumococcus Disease

Pneumococcus causes bloodstream infections in children.

Every year, roughly 470,000 children die of this disease. It also leads to many other types of diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, and ear and blood infections.

Should the condition lead to meningitis or blood infections, it can be much deadlier.

A vaccine to prevent this disease is given in 3 doses at 2 months and within the 12 to 15-month age of a child.

There are a lot of other deadly diseases which your child needs to be protected from. To make a well-informed decision, it’s best to consult with the pediatrician and see which shots are applicable to your child very soon.


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